Chess Lesson # 83: Superior Kings and Pawns Endgame Skills

Hello guys! It’s time to talk about Chess endgames again. In this class, we will learn about the Japanese trick, which could come handy in many occasions; and we are going to do it in a way that will allow us to train our calculation and visualizations skills. Sit back and enjoy!

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My Book Recommendations:
First tactics book:
Mixed tactics book:
Advanced tactics book:
Advanced tactics book (II):
Carlsen’s book (excellent):
Kramnik’s book (excellent):
Pirc Defense book:
Endgames book:

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Chess is an intellectual battle where players are exposed to numerous mental processes such as analysis, attention to detail, synthesis, concentration, planning and foresight. Psychological factors are also present on and off the board; playing Chess stimulates our imagination and creativity. Every single move a player makes is the result of a deep analysis based on the elements presented on the battlefield.

Chess in its essence teaches us psychological, sociological and even moral values. In a Chess game, both players start with the same amount of material and time. The fact that the white pieces move first is considered to be practically irrelevant —especially because a player typically plays one game as white and one game as black. Consequently, the final result of the battle solely depends on each player. It doesn’t matter if you win by taking advantage of your opponent’s mistakes or by simply avoiding mistakes yourself. Truth is that Chess is an extremely individual sport and our defeats can only be blamed on ourselves and no one else. And this, in the end, only benefits us because we learn to be and feel responsible for our actions and never come up with excuses to justify ourselves.

We also learn that when it comes to our victories on the board, our opponent’s mistakes play a more significant role than our own skills. Let’s not forget that a Chess game without any mistakes would be a draw. This way, Chess provides us with another valuable life lesson: be humble at all times.

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Robert Ramirez was introduced to the fascinating world of Chess when he was 5 years old and has participated in prestigious tournaments such as the World Open Chess Tournament and the Pan American Intercollegiate Team Championships. Thanks to his performance, he has earned his National Master title from the United States Chess Federation.

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  1. I think I got it without hint 😅let's see if I am right or not

  2. I figured out the solution thanks to visualization training. I would not have been able to solve this two months ago. This was a great lesson, as always.

  3. "L" from Deathnote is your favorite too? Cool…😍
    Anyway, it was a short, sweet and important lesson… King and pawns endgames are really tricky…

  4. Need more endgame videos,I always struggle in it. This was really good

  5. Very brilliant puzzle!
    I was able to solve it.
    How difficult is this puzzle (I am prepping for FM or even IM, and it took me less than 5 minutes).
    Current rapid rating: 2304

  6. First when I saw this position ,I thought there was no good moves for white but when you told that I was wowed how it made sense!

  7. In internet i saw that in middlegame always look for checks captures and threats.
    Is it true to always look for that?

  8. This was really helpful. Open board calculation is the hardest for me. Good Work Coach!

  9. That c5 move is the really key move.. never learned such a endgame even from my hired coach ..

  10. Great video as always! Would you recommend getting Silman's Complete Endgame Course?
    My rating is 1400.
    Also can you take a look at this game that I felt like I played really well in:
    It would be very helpful if you could give me some advice!

  11. Gracias 😊. No fui capaz … Saludos

  12. I found the solution for 10-15 secs because it is similar as very famous the pattern from Richard Reti's study.

  13. sir this was tricky , i could see the king moving in the first 10 min after that i froze and got stuck the fear of opponent getting a promotion before me was too much,,,very good one.

  14. It was clear to me that the White king has to reach c7 to help the white pawns promote. First I tried to go around the d6 pawn but noticed that I am to slow, then I spotted the c5 idea to clear the path and reach c7 in 4 moves from g3. So I calculated Kf4 (improve king since blacks pawns cannot move for now) Kb7 c5 dxc (otherwise cxd or c6 with an easy win for white) Ke5 g3 Kd6 g2 a8Q+ Kxa8 Kc7 g1Q b7+ Ka7 b8Q+ Ka6 and I thought Qb6 is not possible because of the black Queen on g1 but then I noticed that the diagonal is blocked by the c5 pawn, so Qb6# is the finish.
    If Kf4 Kb7 c5 dxc Ke5 c4 Kd6 c3 a8Q+ Kxa8 Kc7 c2 b7+ and the same mate as before.

    I noticed that playing c5 immediately doesn't work since after dxc Kf4 c4 Ke5 c3 Kd6 c2 Kc7 c1Q+ and the extra tempo for black, since he hasn't spend a move on Kb7 as before, is decisive.


  16. Done in 8 minutes, never took so long ever before. Need more exercises like this, trains tactics to the maximum. Thank you so much for these lessons!

  17. Great video Coach 😃. But can we make it if our pawns were on other ranks or files ?
    Or it must be the same exact position like in the exercise?
    Thx for ur replies and for ur time😊

  18. Nice lesson, thanks! I figured it out after the first hint. For me it finally clicked when I articulated the main problem I had: it takes our king 5 moves to get to c7 and that's not fast enough. Then I saw how the c5 break not only gives us a quicker path to c7, but it also blocks the g1-a7 diagonal. It helped that I have seen the pattern of a8=Q+ followed by Kc7 before, so I knew what checkmate pattern I was aiming for from the beginning.

  19. I got it but it took a while for me to think of the shortest path and that's needed to move the pawn. My 10 year old got it with the hint "shortest path".

  20. Hey man! Awesome video.

    What do you use to make your video?

  21. Bah I almost had it… but I went around the pawn on d6 to get opposition first… but I see after I didn't calculate that Black has already promoted and can bring the Queen back to the 7th rank and prevent us from getting to c7 and interrupt our mate pattern in the corner.

  22. got it without the hints in 3-4 minutes or so 🙂 funnily enough if black doesn't take you can do exactly the same thing as if they take

  23. Took me a while, but I got it. I like how the black pawn on c5 in the end blocks his queen from protecting against the mate. A well designed endgame problem. Thanks for another great lesson!

  24. L from death note and Great video…❤️

  25. i love these types of puzzles. The last 3 moves were very informative! I never thought about that pattern before. The overall position may be artificial, but the principles used to solve the position are transferable to real games. More of these please!

  26. At least I solved it in like 5 min without hints and without a board because it is quite linear and forcing. Good puzzle anyway, thanks!

  27. I don't know why but I find a lot of enjoyment in these endgame puzzles. Thanks!

  28. I played this against Stockfish 8 prior to watching your solution and it ended up being so easy, I played Kf4, he played h4 and then I simply wiped all 3 of his pawns off the board and won easily, Then I watched how you played it and saw black play Kb7, aha, now we've got a challenge as either of us can take the pawns at this point. I restarted at this point, and there's nothing else to do but play c5 and sac the pawn. Stockfish didn't take, they played g3, then it got easy as I played c6+ and now I'm going to promote after Kxc6. Maybe Stockfish knew they were screwed by playing h4 their first move and even though Kb7 is more logical, engines tend to give up at times when they see the game is lost and make moves that look foolish like this, like they've given up, and this is a great example of this I would say. Nice problem!

  29. This one was tough but I actually got it! I have been reading Capablanca's Chess Fundamentals the last few days so maybe that helped too.

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