Rook Endgames Crash Course – Rook & Pawn Endings – Fundamentals of Rook Endgames – Tips and Tricks

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About This Video:

This video will cover some of the basic and fundamental aspects of rook endgames. Rook endings in chess are the most common type of endgame in chess, with about half of all chess endgames falling into the category of rook endgames. Learning the Philidor and Lucena positions will help you draw games when defending against a pawn, and win games when you have an extra pawn. Additionally we will talk about counting tempi, cutting off the king, attacking pawn weaknesses, and more. Beginner and intermediate players will benefit most from this rook endings crash course. and amazon links are affiliate links.


  1. At 20:58, in this position there are other moves that can win for white, Rf2 wins, and Re2 wins. I checked by playing against stockfish

  2. Thanks for this video just what I was looking for

  3. im 1600 and just played a guy that was 1800. it was equal pawns and one rook on each side. the opponent has a passed pawn one side though. anyways long story short a had a minute on the clock and didnt know the exact way to draw it so here i am here cause was a painful ass loss

  4. Thanks for another great video. I just wondered:
    At 16:01 if black dont play b2 but leaves the pawn on b3 and king on b5 and c5. how do white actually win?
    But actually i found out my self. I dont think it matter so much where white king is as long as the pawn has moved to b3. Because as long as the pawn is 2 squares in front of black king. If white play Rf3 it attack the pawn from side… and black cannot defend it with king anymore. So pawn is forced to move forward.. where white again will be able to win pawn for free with Rf1, Rb1 and Rxb2.. black king is just not in time to protect the pawn… so instead of Moving king around… as soon as pawn is 2 squares from the black king.. rook can attack from side to force it forward to second rank.. then go and take it..

    If black leave the pawn on b4… white king will be able to go down on 1 or second rank and can cross f file in front of rook without loosing right?
    And it works only if black king is cut of on 6, 7, or 8 rank right?

  5. Could you make a video on Queen endgames? I feel it's rather hard. (say with +1 or 2 not very advanced pawns for one, (0 for the other)) Last time I had a position with 2 queens and my 2 pawns remaining it's winning but from my view rather hard to not draw vs the AI, I looked it up later and found the DTZ saying 40 (table base until first capture on most optimal move). What principles are there that help better position Queen and King, to prevent perpetual checks and make a progress to promoting your pawn?
    If your interested here is a pos, edited the correct position:
    edit: 8/7k/8/5q1P/1P6/8/3Q3K/8 w – – 0 1
    <– Pretty interesting difficult position
    It was a more interesting position, where some king moves were good and some were drawing without immediate apparent reason. So I really wondered how to see it.

  6. Pov: you are watching this to prepare for quiz #26

  7. 20:48 again, because the Black King is so far away white can win simply by Re1 followed by Ke7, no bridge required. However if Black's King was not cut off and was at d7, for example, then a proper Lucena bridge would have to be built

  8. This was some excellent instruction, especially walking us through the first rook endgame. Thanks for making the video!

  9. In the shown Lucena, isn't RF2 also winning? Because no matter what your opponent does, you can bail your king to the side, then behind your pawn and in front of the rook, and then there are no more safe checks, and you get a queen.

  10. It has been my experience that King and Pawn endings are the most common.

  11. In your example at 15 minutes about the rook separating the king and the pawn, it seems like that would only work before the king is on the 5th rank. It takes 3 moves for the rook to take the pawn on the 2nd rank no matter what rank the rook is on while it's blocking the king because it has to go down to the first rank, over to the file the pawn in on, and up to the second rank. If the black king is on the 5th rank, it only takes to moves to defend the pawn on the second rank.

    In the Lucena position, it seems like it would be simpler to just move the rook to e2 so black's rook couldn't check on the e file. Black could go Kc7 or Kc8, but it doesn't matter because white could still move Ke7 or Ke8 and there's no way to stop him from queening. It would be different if the black king was on c7 instead of b7 and the white rook was on d2 instead of c2 because if white moved Re2 then black could play Kd7 and white wouldn't be able to play Ke7 or Ke8.

  12. 15:20 doesn't Rf3 after pawn to b3 win on the spot? King can't defend it and the pawn will get eaten by Rb3 if the pawn goes to b2.

  13. I follow your things in every chess game

  14. "Where's the confounded bridge?" Bonus points await.

  15. In the second to last position why not waste a move or 2 on moving whites rook back and forth until black blunders? Because instead of moving the pawn like black wants you to wouldn't black be in position where they don't want to move but they have to then move your king up in front of the pawn?

  16. This is great. Do you have a playlist of pure rook endgames? I could watch hours of you explaining the thought process on how to win different rook endgames 👍🏻

  17. In the first example, would a more experienced player for black just leave their rook in defense against an A file pass pawn and leverage their king and doubled pawns against white's FGH pawns?

  18. Also, in the Lucenna Position, what's wrong with creating the rook bridge from the 2nd Row at the moment when your king is behind your pawn? Can't you create a safe E or G file and then move into it with your rook blocking black's rook and achieve the same result?

  19. I just want you to know that I watched this video a few days ago and today I got a tactic almost exactly the same as the one at 7:05 that I probably wouldn't have seen before and it won me the game a few moves later. Thanks 🙂

  20. Till today, i was able to make the game equal for me and my opponent and bring it into these rook and pawns endgame. But unfortunately, i lost in most of the games because I didn't know these although both my and opponent's points were equal. But , after seeing these i got to know so much that I hope to win in the next games

  21. At 20:10, white can actually win more easily by playing Re2 or Rf2, using an easier technique. To motivate the discussion better, the Black king should be placed on c7 or d7.

  22. This was so helpful man. I recently had 2 rooks and 4 vs 2 rooks and 2. The starting position was white pawns on a2, b3, g3, h2, king on g1, rooks on f2 and f6. black pawns a3, b7, king on a7, and rooks on e2 and e8. I was so confused on ow to proceed but now I know that the outside passed pawns just push up the board and queen and the rooks assist in the queening journey. Very helpful to a 1300 rated player.

  23. This video is so helpful! I'm new to chess, have been playing it for 4 months, and I've noticed that I am losing too many rook endgames where my initial position seems better simply because I don't have a clear strategy in mind. Looking forward to put your advices into practice!

  24. As a beginner I just played a game where knowledge of the Lucena position was much needed.

  25. Thanks a lot, sir, for this video helped me to win an interschool chess tournament. I had 2 Queen vs Room + Pawn endings (Me being with the rooks) and this study helped me win both of them. Your channel is really informative. Great fan of yours.

  26. I just have to say, this is the best endgame course I've ever seen !

  27. I wonder what your ethnicity is. Is it rude to ask? I am just wondering!

  28. You should also make a video as black in the same position and how to win, if you were the opponent, most of your videos are enjoyable but you always show this as white with favorable winning positions as white, most of us who watch these videos were black as shown in this video without connected pawn chains and struggle with opponents who play with connected pawn chains. All Im saying is, it would have been amazing if you went, okay now lets say you were black in this situation, how would you win etc

  29. really good explanations, really good choice of content and really good pace. thanks.

  30. When you said that Pihilidor and Lucena position are not so important, you got me hooked. A lot of endgame material starts with those two, because then you can just explain what thousands have explained before, instead of really explaining rook endgames. 🙂

  31. Great video, thanks for such a nice and easy to understand explanation.

  32. Hey what is better 2 rooks or 1 queen?

  33. Nice video! My son wanted me to write that at 15:29 you could have forced the pawn to advance

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